Urine Infection Test – 2 Strip Pack
This urine infection test is fast & reliable with a visible result within 2 minutes. This test is suitable for you to do at home and contains 2 test strips. If you obtain an abnormal result with the first strip, repeat the test using the second strip.
- Home Urinary Tract Test (2 Tests per pack)
- Fast & Simple Screening Test for urine infection
- Simply dip the test strip in urine for one second
- Wait for 30-60 seconds.
- Compare the colours on the strip to the colour chart.
- No blood required!!
What is Urinary Tract Infection?
Urinary tract infection is a serious health problem affecting millions of people each year. The urinary system consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. The kidneys remove excess liquid and wastes from the blood on the form of urine, keeping a stable balance of salts and other substances in the blood. Narrow tubes called ureters carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder, which is a triangle-shaped chamber, in the lower abdomen. Urine is stored in the bladder and emptied through the urethra.
The average adult passes between 0.8 and 2.6 L per day. The amount of urine varies, depending on the fluids a person consumes. The volume formed at night is about half that formed in the daytime.Normal urine is sterile; it contains fluids, salts and waste products, but it is free of bacteria, viruses and fungi. An infection occurs when microorganisms, usually bacteria from the digestive tract, cling to the opening of the urethra and begin to multiply.
In most cases, bacteria first begin growing in the urethra. An infection limited to the urethra is called urethritis. From there, bacteria often move on to the bladder, causing a bladder infection called cystitis. If the infection is not treated promptly, bacteria may then go up the ureters to infect the kidneys. This infection is called pyelonephritis.
The urinary system is structured in a way that helps ward off infection. The ureters and bladder normally prevent urine from backing up toward the kidneys, and the flow of urine from the bladder helps wash bacteria out of the body. In men, the prostate gland produces secretions that slow bacterial growth. In both sexes, immune defences also prevent infection. But despite these safeguards, infections still occur.
Escherichia coli (E.coli), a type of bacteria that is normally present in the colon, causes about 80% of urinary tract infections (UTI) in adults. These bacteria may enter the urethral opening from the surrounding skin. Other bacteria that cause urinary tract infections include Staphylococcus, Chlamydia and Mycoplasma.
Who suffers from Urinary Tract Infections?
Urinary tract infections are more common in women than in men. One reason for this is related to the fact that their urethral opening is nearer to the source of bacteria (e.g. anus and vagina) and their urethra is shorter, providing bacteria easier access to the bladder. Other factor is due to the fact that prostate gland in men produces secretions that decrease bacterial growth as mentioned earlier.
What conditions increase the risk of Urinary Tract Infections?
Certain conditions may increase the risk of developing a urinary tract infection. The most important ones are:
- Bladder outlet obstruction, such as kidney stones or prostate gland enlargement in men.
- Urinary catheterisation (i.e. insertion of a small tube into the bladder through the urethra to drain urine).
- Abnormalities of the urinary tract that is present at birth.
- Suppressed immune system.
- Conditions that cause incomplete bladder emptying such as spinal cord injury.
- In infants, bacteria from soiled nappies can enter the urethra and cause UTI by introducing bacteria in the urinary tract.
Are pregnant women more likely to get Urinary Tract Infections?
Pregnant women seem to be no more prone to UTIs than other women. However, when a UTI does occur, it is more likely to travel to the kidneys. Scientists think that hormonal changes and shifts in the position of the urinary tract during pregnancy make it easier for bacteria to travel up the ureters to the kidneys. For this reason, many doctors recommend periodic testing of the urine during pregnancy. Symptoms of urinary tract infection can be divided into two groups; symptoms of lower UTI (Cystitis and Urethritis) and symptoms of upper UTI (pyelonephritis).
What are the symptoms of lower and upper UTI in adults?
Symptoms that indicates lower UTI in adults include the following:
- Back pain
- Blood in the urine
- Cloudy urine
- Inability to urinate despite the urge
- Frequent need to urinate
- General discomfort
- Painful urination
Symptoms that indicate upper UTI in adults include the following:
- High fever
- Nausea (A feeling of sickness in the stomach characterized by an urge to vomit)
- Pain below the ribs
How does the test work?
The Urinary Tract Infection Check test provides a dip-and- read test strips that are intended for use to check for Leukocytes, RBCs and nitrite in urine specimens as an aid in the diagnosis of UTI. The test provides results by the visual comparison with colour chart printed on the pack.
This procedure MUST BE FOLLOWED EXACTLY to achieve reliable test results.
1. Check that the product is within the expiration date shown on he kit pack.
2. Prepare the urine specimen.
3. Remove the strip from the pouch. Familiarise yourself with the position of the reaction area of Leukocytes, RBCs and Nitrite. Pale pink reaction area is for Leukocytes, white is for nitrite and dark yellow area is for blood. Also, familiarise yourself with the colour chart on the pack
4. Dip the test strip in the urine until the reaction areas are completely immersed for no more than 1 second.
5. Remove the dipstick from the urine and tap the strip on the rim of the cup to remove excess urine and place it horizontally with the reaction areas facing up.
6. Leave the strip for 30-60 seconds for the reaction to take place.
7. Read the results by comparing the colours of the reaction on the strip with those of the chart. While comparing, keep the strip in a horizontal position to avoid possible mix of colours between the reaction areas on the strip.
8. Identify the best match colour on the colour chart and the correspondent concentration range. A change in colour that appears only along the edges of the reaction areas indicates that the reaction did not take place properly so we recommend redoing the test with another strip.
Results read after 60 seconds are not valid.
The results are obtained by direct comparison of test strip with the colour chart printed on the pack. See the table below for test interpretation and recommendations.